The Mittelrhein offers dramatic views of steep slate cliffs crowned with medieval castles and riverbanks adorned with charming villages. The Upper Middle Rhine Valley was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2002. This area is also called “the Rhine Gorge.”
Major Town: Koblenz, Boppard, Oberwesel, Bacharach, Bingen
Collective Sites: 10
Individual Sites: 92
Vineyard Area: 469
– Long sun hours
– Optimal wind protection from hills
– The Rhine River acts as heat-reflecting surface, and the Rhine Valley enables mild airflow into the region
– Infrequent hard frosts
The clayish slate soil yields lively wines with a pronounced acidity.
Top soil types:
Situated between Bonn and Bingen and spanning 100km on both sides of the Rhine, the Mittelrhein vineyards are protected by steep stony hills and narrow valleys. It is a beautiful region of steep, terraced vineyards, lush landscapes, and rocky peaks.
With over 23,000 hectares, Germany is home of the world’s largest vineyard area dedicated to Riesling. Riesling is predestined for northerly wine-growing regions and grows in all 13 German regions. Depending on type of soil and microclimate, it yields grapes that produce wines with extremely diverse nuances. They range from bone dry to lusciously sweet and from everyday wines to rare, high-quality collectibles. A “typical” Riesling is reminiscent of peach or apple on the nose, and has pronounced acidity. It is fantastic for food pairing and sparkling wine production.
Known for their approachable, light and refreshing taste, Müller-Thurgau wines make for easy, everyday drinking. Bred in 1882 by Professor Hermann Müller (1850-1927) from the Swiss canton Thurgau, this namesake wine now accounts for about 12% of Germany’s vineyard area and is grown in all 13 German wine-growing regions. The wines have a light Muscat tone, usually mild acidity, and sometimes, a flowery bouquet.
If Germany’s finest white wines are produced from Riesling, its red wine counterpart is Spätburgunder, which reaches top form in German sites. Germany ranks third worldwide in area devoted to Pinot Noir, after France and the USA, with almost 12% of the vineyard areas planted with the grape. Ranging from ruby to garnet red, Pinot Noir wines are slightly tannic, mild in acidity, and have a long finish with aromas reminiscent of blackberry and cherry.