Germany's Wine Styles & Varieties

The wide range of grape varieties cultivated in Germany is impressive, with over 140 varieties ranging from from Acolon to Zweigeltrebe. Of these, the most notable are Germany’s world-class expressions of Riesling and Pinot Noir (Spätburgunder). Germany’s contemporary wine scene is rich with traditional varieties such as Silvaner and Müller-Thurgau, but also a growing number of “foreign” grapes such as Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc, as well as a range of styles like sparkling wine and rosé.

Grape Varieties

Red Varieties

For a nation known for white wine, about 34% of Germany’s vineyard area is actually dedicated to red varieties! Pinot Noir (Spätburgunder) headlines Germany’s red wines with it being the third most widely planted grape in the country, while other important red varieties include Dornfelder, Portugieser, and Trollinger. Red grapes grow particularly well in the warmer, southern regions of Baden, Württemberg, and the Pfalz, and play an important role in Rheinhessen and the Ahr.

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White Varieties

From world-class Riesling to white Pinots and uniquely German grapes, German white wine can be found in a variety of styles and price points, and white grapes thrive throughout all 13 wine regions. The temperate climate and high precipitation enable grapes to ripen slowly and benefit from nutrients in the soil. This fosters the development of fruity, well-structured acidity that enhances the longevity of white wines.

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Sparkling Wine (Sekt)

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Germany’s wine regions are especially suited for the production of fresh, fruity sparkling wine, and Germany’s citizens are the world champions of sparkling wine consumption.


Components of Wine Tasting

Taste wine like a pro by identifying 5 key components, then use your new skills to discover the bracing acidity, earthy undertones, ripe peach notes, or delicate tannins in some of Germany’s beloved wines. Wine tasting also takes into account aroma and color.