Germany's Grape Varietals

The wide range of grape varieties cultivated in Germany is impressive, with over 140 varietals ranging from from Acolon to Zweigeltrebe. Of these, about two dozen are of commercial importance, most notably Germany’s world-class expressions of Riesling and Pinot Noir (Spätburgunder). Germany’s contemporary wine scene is rich with traditional varietals such as Silvaner and Müller-Thurgau, but also a growing number of “foreign” grapes such as Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.

Components of Wine Tasting

Taste wine like a pro by identifying 5 key components, then use your new skills to discover the bracing acidity, earthy undertones, ripe peach notes, or delicate tannins in some of Germany’s beloved wines. Wine tasting also takes into account aroma and color.

Wine Types

Red Varietals

For a nation known for white wine, about 34% of Germany’s vineyard area is actually dedicated to red varieties! Pinot Noir (Spätburgunder) headlines Germany’s red wines with it being the third most widely planted varietal in the country, while other important red varietals include Dornfelder, Portugieser, and Trollinger. Red varietals grow particularly well in the warmer, southern regions of Baden, Württemberg, and the Pfalz, and play an important role in Rheinhessen and the Ahr.

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White Varietals

From world-class Riesling to white Pinots and uniquely German grapes, German white wine can be found in a variety of styles and price points, and white varietals thrive throughout all 13 wine regions. The temperate climate and high precipitation enable grapes to ripen slowly and benefit from nutrients in the soil. This fosters the development of fruity, well-structured acidity that enhances the longevity of white wines.

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